States of India
Area : 83,743 Sq. Km
Best Season : October-March
Clothing : Cottons (summer) ,Heavy Woollens (winter)
Capital : Itanagar
Languages spoken : Hindi,Assamese,English.
Arunachal Pradesh attained its statehood on 20th February 1987,Situated in the north eastern part of India is nearly 84,000 sq. km in area and has a long international border with Bhutan to the west (160 km), China to the north and north-east (1,080 km) and Burma to the east (1,440 km).
It stretches from snow-capped mountains in the north to the plains of Brahmaputra valley in the south. Arunachal is the largest state area-wise in the north-east region, even larger than Assam which is the most populous.
These divide the State into five river valleys : the Kameng, the Subansiri, the Siang, the Lohit and the Tirap. All these are fed by snow from the Himalayas and countless rivers and rivulets.
High mountains and dense forests have prevented intercommunication between tribes living in different river valleys.The mightiest of these rivers is Siang, called the Tsangpa in Tibet, which becomes the Brahmaputra after it is joined by the Dibang and the Lohit in the plains of Assam.
Isolation imposed by geography has led over twenty six major tribes with several dialects to live and flourish with their distinct identities. Nature has provided the people with a deep sense of beauty which finds delightful expression in their songs, dances and crafts.
Trees of great size, plentiful climbers and abundance of cane and bamboo make Arunachal evergreen. Tropical rain forests are to be found in the foothills and the hills in the east on the border with Burma. Northern most border is covered with Alpine forests. The climate varies from hot and humid in the Shivalik range with heavy rainfall. It becomes progressively cold as one moves northwards to higher altitudes.
Amidst the highly rugged terrain, there are green forests and plateaus. The Apatani plateau, situated at an altitude of about 1500 meters and covering an area of over 32 sq. km is the most beautiful one. Situated in the same Lower Subansiri district at an altitude of 2400 meters is Tale, another plateau with dense forests of silvery fir trees.
Administratively, the State is divided into fifteen districts. Capital of the State is Itanagar in Papum Pare district (HQ- Yupia). People from all walks of life live here in peace and harmony.